​​​​​  Nuclear Fuel Cycles 

  1. Nuclear Power Ecosystem Enabling Technologies—Fail-Safe  & Symbiotic Fuel Cycles, Gen IV / V Reactors  vs. Risk-Latent, Exploitational, and Inefficacious Fuel Cycle, Light Water Reactors (LWRs), based on fast and thermal-spectrum systems—

    This is a necessary step to unencumber the enormous, the unfinished, and the undeserving mounting liabilities (NWPA)  associated with LWRs Spent Fuel.  

    Abusus non tollit usum—Misused-Fuel (a neologism) has 96% of its original energy, which can no longer be used in Conventional Reactors (LWRs), and must be discarded as high-level waste—or may be used in Gen IV / V Reactors—where, among other things, a redemption opportunity will be established to close the once-through nuclear fuel-cycle completely, and permanently.  {HME}

    Power our cities by Clean Up our Waste
    We technologize,
    the environment wins,  
    ​our clients prosper, and
    the consumers thrive!

    Hence efficacious utilization of natural resources, including recovery of the whole gamut of usable green energy from nuclear waste stockpile, and enrichment-by-product (depleted uranium tails)—Extensibility, Fungibility, elimination of the need for Interim Storage Facilities, and/or a permanent
    Geological Repository; leading to substantial reduction of footprint and the associated costs, removal of public fretting, addressing the BRC Findings.

  2. Back‑End services, including compact & scalable IN SITU Hybridization of Used-Fuel recycling and stratification for closing the Fuel Cycle—leading to development of a Used‑Fuel Management Interoperability Program (UFMIP), addressing the BRC Findings—as well as production of radioisotopes for medical applications.  This is the only diversion-proof methodology° that systematically prevents nuclear material from being diverted clandestinely.

    The rise of Lucid Gentrification: Our holistic-hybrid-based approach takes into account and integrates factors such as environment safety and health, economics, commerce, social,
    NPT Safeguards by-design-approach°, self-decommissioning by-design-approach, self-obviation of the need to transport high-level waste on public roads, and the associated costs and risks—as well as other factors, such as standardization, indigenization of supply chains, etc.—to propagating a paradigm that is quite unique  as well as extraordinary, and the only one of its kind on this planet; where in a single location, green power is produced,  the by-product is recycled to form renewed-fuel, which is then available for reuse, and the modality continues in perpetuity.  {HME}

    Needless to say, this approach will eliminate the associated costs, and the by-products, for future Front-end activities, such as mining, milling, conversion, and enrichment.

    Above all else, No government funding, or taxpayers’ expense is needed.  The Nuclear Waste Fund (
    NWPA), a 'fee' that was collected from customers in relation to nuclear-generated electricity, over $30 billion [2018-est.], is available and should suffice to cover all existing used-fuel.

    To anneal and redress the continuing nuclear energy’s state of dilapidation, it should be afforded its own independent commission, by a Congressional enabling-acts mandate.  Laws of physics won’t change after elections.      

    Preservation of anthropogenic environmental degradation
    The duality of natural resources, that is;  energy-extracted (e.g., electrical power) vs. by-products (e.g., used-fuel), must be weighed against the associated components; that is, benefit-to-mankind vs. environmental-degradation.  Burying past missed-opportunities in geological repositories is in deference & contrary to geoscience fiduciary stewardship, and should be globally outlawed.  The Stone Age didn’t end because we ran out of stones.  It ended because of ingenuity of concerned citizens. 

  3. Innovative Reactors & Fuel Cycles, such as a symbiotic LWR-Gen IV / V Reactors cycle. This option is particularly suited for Gen I, Gen II, &  Gen-iii Reactors that are contraindicated because they cannot cover the production costs of electricity, and requires a government rescue in order to carry on—that is to say, this option will prevent utility ratepayers, and/or taxpayers from getting stuck in a bad investment twice, saving billions of dollars in decommissioning costs (as it’s mostly covered by NWPA), as well as saving the Reactor from early termination. 

  4. Advanced Fuel Cycle development, and TRL assessment for Systems in Evaluation Phase to Developmental & Demonstration Phases—leading to identification of knowledge gaps, research needs, major challenges to development, & commercialization. 

  5. Consequence Analyses and Source Term Reduction.

  6. Gen IV / V Nuclear Energy Systems Sustainability & Global Transition from LWRs

    CausationLWRs (e.g., Gen I) were intended for Marine Applications, such as Submarines  and Merchant ships, where the surrounding seawater / sea could mitigate the consequences of DBAs  / BDBAs [i.e., an inherent sea-based safety—e.g., flood the vessel's Reactor (by gravity means) with seawater in a LOCAwhich is unavailable for land-based power Reactors

    There are risks and unknowns.  If (e.g.) one were to place the required coolant on the top of the Reactor itself—Given that the Reactor is required to be
    Seismically & Aircraft Impact protected (inter alia), then; the risks and the associated impacts would become asymmetric, astatic, and incongruous (unknown unknowns); leading to diminution of Safety Margin; untenable risks—hence licensing-uncertainty,  leading to impetuous design-certification, and the subsequent litigiousness.   

    Consequently, the capital costs of the Reactor  will increase exponentially.  And, there is no escaping the fact that such a Reactor will be the most expensive means by which to generate electricity]. 

    At issue: what due-diligence could be afforded to such a concept?  It is therefore imperative that utilization of nuclear energy be left to Nuclear Engineers who can ingenerare 
    Fail-Safe products with unmatched economic competitiveness—or risk undermining your credibility, professional ethics and integrity!   

    Transition will result in substantially lower capital and operating costs, enhancing safety, security, and 
    NPT Safeguards, improving  utilization of natural resources—including but not limited to ample and cost de minimis production of vital radioisotopes for deep space missions, a Closed Fuel Cycle capability, addressing the BRC Findings, as well as elimination of Used‑Fuel Geological Repository  and the associated Socioeconomic and Sociopolitical Entanglements (laid dormant for hundreds of thousands of years, and the possibility of mishaps or NPT violations)—Hence reversing the current nuclear energy paralysis, and transcending anthropogenic phenomenological barriers to addressing global environmental degradation.  {HME}

    Merchant ships
    produce a significant percentage of the global anthropogenic GHG—they should be made, or retrofitted to go green with practical, mainly autonomous, & Fail-Safe  nuclear propulsion technologies presented herein.  

    Transitional Analysis—the relationship between sustainable development, green growth, market performance, and green technological stimulus—
    Gen IV / V Reactors, the largest source of nonintermittent green energy, endowed with Nuclear Technology Systematization Enterprise (NTSE), would produce fundamentally new kinds of economies—comparable to the Industrial, and Information Technology Revolutions; combined—{i.e., inter alia, due to the fact that ENERGY-use is not an Asymptotical function}, leading to [hyper] accelerated green economy through market development, spinoffs (both terrestrially & extraterrestrially), incentivization of environmental stewardship [e.g., see (FF) below], and realization of the environmental cost of anthropogenic GHGThus, creating millions of jobs, and contributing trillions of dollars to the then thriving-economy, thereby easily shed the National Debt in less than one generation—here is where we realize our dividendsnationwide shared-prosperity, elimination of despondency, and  beatification of egalitarianism—a 
    debt-free nation engaged in social development; while leading the global environmental-emancipation{HME}

  7. Nuclear Thermal Desalination Reactor (NTDR) fueled by depleted uranium tails (i.e., a national energy resource).  NTDR will provide heat for desalination process.  The customer may procure free-fuel (FF), which in turn would pay for the capital investment; over the life of the facility (i.e., you could get paid to go nuclear).  NTDR is a modular ecosystem, and can be scaled up as the need increases.   

A Passion for Nonintermittent Green Energy©

The Most Unambiguous Global Environmental Liberator

  ​​​​​​​ Gen IV / V Reactors & Advanced SMRs

  1.  Advanced Fail-Safe Reactors Design and Development—Transformational Technologies that eliminate Conventional Reactors' ​latent risks, inherent-hazards, and high costs

    Conventional Reactors are light water-cooled reactors (LWRs), which are referenced by their generations such as Gen I, Gen II, & Gen III.  Conventional Reactors are often insidious and have a variety of inherent-hazardsª, which commonly referred to as Design-basis accidentsª (DBAs), and Beyond design-basis accidents (BDBAs), by a regulatory vista.  Purportedly, design-basis accidents or events serve as standard for evaluating the acceptability of reactor designs.

    ​The disciples of applied lessons learned—one of the exclusive advantage of Gen IV / V Reactors is that they are immune to water-cooled reactors inherent-hazards, such as hydrogen-explosions that caused Chernobyl  tragedy, and Fukushima (2, 3) disaster. That is, Institutionalization of Lessons Learned (ILL).  

    Hence removing public fear and the associated psychological landmarks, as well as assuring high level political and public confidence—fulfilling the
    Promise and its true potential (Energy Autonomy).  

    Other advantages of Gen IV / V Reactors include

    Firstly, about half of the capital costs of a typical 
    Gen-3 Reactor (i.e., a 40-year-old Technological Obsolescent and Exploitational Fuel Cycle  TECHNOLOGY; and a potential for Radioactive Catastrophe) are due to systems that are required to mitigate the consequences of DBAs.  Here is where they ask and receive handouts, set-asides, and tax credits—the causality of an uneven playing field.

    Secondly, the cost of maintenance of those systems during the life of the Reactor, as well as 
    EPZ, SNF, D&D, and licensing requirements further compound the escapable expenses—over a Project Life-Cycle of a hundred years. Here is where they ask and receive subsidies/bailouts— leading to abdication of leadership on promoting advanced technologies.

    Paradoxically, designing and building the systems that are required to mitigate the consequences of
    DBAs—under the Defense-in-Depth regime; is the most profitable part of constructing Light Water Reactors.  Furthermore, maintenance of those systems during the life of the Reactor is the most expensive component of the operating-costs.  And both require more regulatory oversight of the licensee, and thereby more expense—a blasé attitude about overall-cost. Hence, the anti-synergistic (a neologism) effects associated with the costs of designing, building, licensing,  operating, and decommissioning of a typical Gen-3 Reactor is exponentially higher than any other generating options.  As such, it is highly prudent that altruistically inclined companies with defensible state-of-the-art technologies are entrusted with electricity generation.  Commoditization of life’s ‘existential-means’ is contrary to the doctrine of “…in Order to form a more perfect Union…”—Rationalization vs. Reasoning!

    Inevitably, the safety of a Reactor is a binary state.  It is either
    Fail-safe, or is not safe.  Contextualistically, the word ‘safer’ is a euphemism for shambolic, which has indiscernible benefits for the public—leading to diminution of societal confidence in regulatory oversight—one of the root causes of nuclear energy paralysis.  

    Challenging conventional thinking and removing the barriers for innovation.  'ADVANCED' constitutes "having moved forward in time or space."  To be characterized and called ADVANCED; new Reactors must be designed to conform to Nuclear Intelligent Technology (NIT), which necessitates that all new Reactors be [1] 
    Fail-safe, and [2] fueled by the WASTE, which is left behind by the previous generation of Reactors as follows.   

    The unique and quintessential advantage of 
    Gen IV / V Reactors lies in their abilities to prevent accidents in the first place—instead of dealing with their consequences. Safety is inherent in amalgamation of generative design & materials, and not dependent on mitigating-systems, or crediting operator actions. [id est] Gen IV / V Reactors are not just safer—rather they are Fail-Safe—moving beyond Defense-in-Depth; and assuring fundamental resiliency.  {HME}

    The result is a fundamental cost-paradigm shift and economic superiority of 
    Gen IV / V Reactors [with no subsidies, no tax credits, no set-asides, no bailouts, no handouts (the notion that the next generations of reactors need handouts is fallacious and not supported by shared-facts)—and no need for compulsory or draconian measures (e.g., imposition of a carbon tax)—no minoritization of free-competition—no unfair advantage—a level technological playing field for generating electricity.  All taxpayers funded grants should be merit-based and awarded based on Unfettered & Free-competition, to innovative and defensible state-of-the-art technologies; without political entanglements].

    That contrasts the long-established concept of  conventional Reactors' Design and their Progeny—that are also being utilized by some developing-countries.  
    In light of the
    Fail-Safe technologies presented herein, it is counterintuitive, counterproductive, regressive, and devolutionary to invest our precious national resources (esp., taxpayers’ funded grants) on any technology that may [merely] be 'safer' than the current Reactors—to say nothing that; such a technology simply places us on par with developing-countries, and cannot position the U.S. for dominance in any century, much less the 21st Century.  The pressing question is then; would you rather face googol of dollars in cleanup costs, or go Fail-Safe?

    We choose to go 
    Fail-Safe, not because it is easy, but because it is the right-thing** to do!

    Elimination of 
    DBAs prevent collateral damage and social upheaval—and is an economic imperative—it should be a regulatory requirement—Because Risk reduction [aimed at reducing Exposure] is required in order to: (a) Conform to ALARA Principles, and (b) Reduce licensing-uncertainty and the associated project
    Cost-Overruns, leading to plant cancellation. 

    Nuclear Engineering Exceptionalism—to eliminate mishaps, or uncertainty, inter alia, utilization of nuclear energy is best left to Nuclear Engineers who can  ingenerare
    Fail-Safe products, or risk undermining your credibility, professional ethics, and integrity!  Above all, the pressing question that must be raised is whether we can afford to continue to have indelible days such as March 11, 2011, & April 26,1986dates that will live in infamy

    What Gen IV / V Reactors represent is emblematic of a miracle in ENERGY Technology ascendancy, which is a world-changer.  For example, while exponentially reducing the capital costs and operating expenses of generating electricity in a Fail-Safe and reliable manner, Gen IV / V Reactors (a nonintermittent-Renewable Symbiotic Fuel Cycle—that can achieve geometrically greater fuel economy than the conventional Reactors) are the greenest; and the most cost-effective means to generate electricity from nuclear or any other energy sources available to consumers—Nuclear Energy is a national asset, and not a local phenomenology.

    Simpler with less footprint, also and at-the-same-time, substantially reducing environmental impact by, inter alia, solving the impasse and dilemma associated with 
    Gen I, Gen II, and Gen-iii  Used-Fuel, the Blue Ribbon Commission (BRC) Findings and Recommendations—thus alleviating the escapable, and enormous mounting liabilities (e.g., NWPA) facing U.S. Taxpayers—

    Improving safety and security, including
    NPT safeguards, enhancing public health benefits, improving utilization of natural resources, increasing transparency, providing long-term certainty for green energy economy; where energy is not the limiting resource and each person is independent and civicminded, and diminution of declining democratic capabilities, as well as vitally important harmonization, homogenization, twenty-first-century-zation (a neologism), and contemporisation of licensing requirements; in order to prevent, inter alia, significant design changes after issuance of a Design-Certification, coupled with inefficient project management.    

    Applied-lessons-learned­—regulatory design-evaluations cannot completely identify all systems’ weaknesses.  In light of the
    Price-Anderson Act, compartmentalization of mitigating regulations within institutional development of the next generation of reactors is extraordinarily advantageous. Especially, designers’ aggregative knowledge of the systems’ potential weaknesses, which may necessitate a need for mitigation is of paramountcy (see ILL).  Technological-oversight is the essence of viability.

    Above all, 
    Risk associated with next generations of reactors is based on elimination of DBAs in the first place.  Hence, conventional Reactors’ Design-Certification is anachronistic and deemed unbeneficial to assuring public safety & health, and/or to protect the environment.  What is at Risk?  Initiating events are hazards with unquantifiable frequencies and consequences associated with application of the 20th Century regulations, in licensing the 21st Century╩ technologies.

    Gen IV / V Reactors' licensing will be achieved through the associated Safety Analysis Report^, and an accompanying Safety Evaluation Report, which will reveal and delineate the full accuracy of the analyses**Safety features include but not limited to digitization and integration of the Safety Basis’ ENGRAMS impressed upon and across the frameworks of the Artificial Intelligence Governance (AIG). 

    Here, we have an opportunity to embrace virtual certainty.  The alternative is the cul-de-sac of eddies and currents.   

    It is unclear whether the National Advisory Boards are in doldrums, or not fully Cognizant of the Prowess of Applied Nucleardynamics (a neologism) Morphology reflected in the Advanced & Revolutionary Technologies presented herein—an apparent lack of circumspection.  In the absence of copious and ubiquitous Helium-3, Gen IV / V Reactors epitomizes the only viable nonintermittent source of green energy on this planet.  The question remains, why should we continue to spend our precious national resources on a red herring?—over half a century of diminishing returns!—theoreticians vs. those who make dreams into reality—Engineers!   

    Gen IV / V Reactors are the only viable means to: (1) surviving the vicissitudes of the marketplace, (2) reviving the nuclear energy stasis, and (3) positioning the U.S. for dominance in the 21st Century.

    Finally, Is Gen IV / V Reactors the Right Technology for you?  Not Necessarily!  We Take Ownership of Safety** of our products. Our Fiduciary Safety-Culture Responsibility Predominates Regulatory Requirements—it is Immutable, and will not be Abdicated by any means including political whims.  Utilization of Nuclear Energy is Not an Entitlement, rather it is a Privilege, and must quantifiably conform to the Principle of Nonmaleficence.  If all you intend to do is McDonaldization of Ritz-Carlton, then Gen IV / V Reactors Technology will not be available to you.  If you are accustomed to cutting corners or otherwise shortchanging your endeavors, then Gen IV / V Reactors is Not the Right Technology for you; and will not be offered.  In those events, we recommend you use a technology indigenous to the Telegraph-era.  

  2. Resolving Technological & Regulatory Gaps; Leading to Technology Readiness.

  3. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Assessment for Systems in Evaluation Phase to Developmental & Demonstration Phases—leading to identification of knowledge gaps, research needs, and major challenges to development and commercialization. 

  4. Advanced Concept Exploratory Analysis to Eliminate Technical Barriers, as well as Quantification of Durability and Resiliency to Ensure Viability from the Outset—Leading to Production of a Working Prototype.

  5. Technology Maturation and Design Evolutions of incipient programs.

  6. Engineering & Analytical Support for First-Of-A-Kind Reactor Designs.

  7. Licensability Evaluation—Advanced Reactors.

  8. Transient & Accident Analysis for Novel Reactors.

  9. Design Verification & Safety Assessment, Including Probabilistic Risk Assessment Together with Deterministic Safety Analysis.

  10. Safety Analyses (Design Validation w/o Testing)

  11. Regulatory Crosswalk to 10 CFR Part 52 & General Design Criteria^ for Advanced Non-Light Water Reactors.

  12. Safety Evaluation.

  13. Advisory and Assistance Services; including complimentary technological-oversight to support nascent developers who meet the company’s strategic goals. 

  14. Owner's Representation such as MDEP.  

  15. Corporate Bench-Strength Assessment.  

​​The Physics of Innovation

To Cost Effectively Solve the World's Most Pressing Problem While Protecting People, Assets, and the Environment**

Fiduciary Stewardship Conglomerate

**Primum Non Nocere


 Generation 4 Reactors  -  advanced reactors - Fail-Safe - Unmatched economic competitiveness - GENERATION Iv Nuclear Energy Systems Services

​​​​​Nuclear Energy

Innovation Capabilities

Moving U.S. Nuclear Energy Forward

Exploring the Imperative of Metamorphosization of America’s
​Electricity Generation, Space Exploration, Environmental Stewardship, & more...

Demystification of Co-Existential Energy
Green Power, a paragon of virtue, is a subset of Green Energy that represents those energy resources and technologies that are hegemonically steady, inherently reliable, risk-free, and provide the highest environmental and commercial benefits; with no anthropogenic  GHG 

Stretching the Limits of Possible

(This Website is best used with a multi-monitor computer & is intended for SMEs)

Maintaining U.S. Leadership

Gen-4 Rx is not a Technology we Leave to Others

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Gen IV Nuclear Energy Systems work as Enabling Engines for our Economy, Our Environment, and our Future

'A Society-changing & Transformative technology'

Green Power Enablers—@ Gen IV Nuclear Energy Systems Services, Your Aspirations are as Viable as Your Investments 

A Green-Power-Centric Company

​​Transition to Domestic Nonintermittent Green Energy Resources is Necessitated in order to Produce Affordable Base-load Power and Ensure Energy Security 

​​Going Green by Reinvention of Nuclear Energy, and thereby Shedding the National Debt in less than one generationa History-Making Event {HME}

​​How to produce Green Power & Green Propulsion —Terrestrially and/or Extraterrestrially 


Advancing Excellence in Fail-safe Nuclear Intelligent Technology (NIT)  

An Innovative, Exponential Thinking & Altruistic Company

Offering Visionary Leadership & Delivering

Commercially Viable & Licensable, High Quality & Cutting-Edge,

Defensible State-of-the-Art Technologies,

On-Time & On-Budget,

According to Specifications & Expectations

While Reconciling the Agendas of a Wide Range of Stakeholders

Center for Smart Resilient Gen V Power Reactors (iReactors™)​ & Deep Space Relativistic Propulsion SLS [VIPP =1.4%c]

Risk Management

Nuclear Spacecrafts:

  1. Safety Analysis.
  2. Safety Evaluation

​Conventional Reactors:

  1. Risk Assessment and Mitigation.
  2. Severe Accident Analyses and Management.
  3. PRA Evaluation for all 3 Levels of Risk.    
  4. Systems Analyses.
  5. Safety Analysis.
  6. Safety Evaluation.

In-Space Propulsion & Space Power

  1. Space Exploration—U.S. Patented nuclear propulsion spacecraft.  The Space Modular Reactor for Propulsion (SMR-P) spacecraft is an advanced and revolutionary Space Launch System (SLS).  It's designed for expeditious and effortless dynamic self-assembly—in an orbital rendezvous—in low earth orbit (LEO).  Design-basis inherent reliability stature is due to its patented simplified modular architecture.  This technology is consistent with applicable U.S. Treaties (e.g., NPT, Artemis Accords, and as further exemplified below).  

    It is over 100% faster and 400% more load capacity than a best chemical rocket, which could only coast to its destination.  Whereas, our nuclear thermal propulsion spacecraft’s orbital and deep-space maneuverabilities include both acceleration & deceleration on command. ​

    Fuel Consumption Analogy—profoundly, some 85% of the weight of a chemical-rocket is fuel.  Whereas, the weight of the fuel, for our nuclear thermal propulsion spacecraft, is quite de minimis, and it's free [i.e., the fuel is a national energy resource.  For other examples, see (FF) below].  
    No possible accident that could pose significant risks, and No Fallout—hence transforming & revolutionizing deep space missions as never Before.  

    No Part of this SLS, or its propulsion system burns up in atmosphere, and/or is left behind—[id est] the only viable & patented green-rocketry (non-polluting technology)—no earthbound waste of any kind, which results in a fundamental cost & environmental paradigm-shift, and performance supremacy—we technologize, the environment wins, and our clients prosper.  

    Long-distance manned space voyage is not really available to us, if all we are going to have; are chemical  rockets.  Needless to say that pushing things into space [with chemical energy] is controlled explosions, which is a treacherous affair in-and-of-itself.  Travel far enough—fast enough!  To get to deep space easier and more affordably; this SLS is reusable, and has sufficient fuel onboard for many round-trip missions.  This platform is particularly economical for delivery, and can function as the workhorse for transportation of strategic resources from nearby celestial bodies (e.g., the 
    Moon).  {HME}

  2. Unmatched & Leading-Edge Technology—the second generation of SMR-P™ that incorporates patented technology, is high specific-impulse deep-space Relativistic Propulsion Reactor (RPR™) spacecraft.  This SLS offers performance ratings of orders of magnitude greater than the first generation.  And, still No possible accident that could pose significant risks, and No Fallout.

    Performance Parameters (all approx.):
    Specific Impulse 5,500 (seconds), Effective Exhaust Velocity 54 (kilometers per second) (0.02% c),Time to Safely and Reliably Travel to Mars 12 (earth days)—with a proprietary combinatorial biological and electromagnetic self-shielding for near zero ionizing radiation inleakage; to secure and shelter-in-place crew members.  Other aspectual of the system-wide shielding includes an encomium multifrontal actinomorphic impact-deflector, inter alia, which assures deep-space-environmental-hazard protection for the spacecraft, even @ relativistic-magnitude speeds—with in-flight payload drop off  throughout the journey—and No need for Gravitational Assist, since nuclear propulsion is man up to the task—a quantum leap forward in reinventing Spaceflight—Perpetual Gravitational-EmancipationIf we have to get there—this platform is particularly advantageous in order to get there first, in trench, to stake & protect our claims; months before others do! 

    Besides, reducing the one-way flight time of at least
    208 Days (by a chemical rocket); to 12 days; would [1] exponentially reduce the costs, and [2] virtually eliminate crew hazards.

    Hence the question that has to be raised is whether we want to continue to use
    Chemical Energy (a hangover from the last century) with handouts (i.e., gravitational assist), and take at least 208 Days to get to Mars without the possibility of return, or whether we want to be King of the Hill, the preeminent spacefaring nation, and leave the Stone Age behind?  Above all, the pressing issue is whether we can afford to have another crisis like October 4, 1957.  Despite that, launching projectiles to reach nearby celestial bodies [on par with some developing countries] is rather space-transportation.  Relativistically speaking, space-exploration will begin with RPR™.   {HME}

  3. Asteroid Interceptor & Deflector (AID™) is a planetary defense vehicle that uses the RPR™ system to intercept and neutralize oncoming asteroids anywhere within the Solar System.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  This platform will be equipped with iMan (which makes AID™ a fully autonomous deep space vehicle).  It will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  

    AID™ is the only feasible and realistic scheme designed to prevent or mitigate
    Extinction-Level events by application of Impulse-Transfer** (i.e., tugboat analogy), and No possible accident that could pose significant risks; in-and-of-itself, & No Fallout.  So the question arises, why do we continue to invest our precious national resources on theoretical ideas as opposed to practical solutions described herein?  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!  {HME}

  4. Orbital Spacecraft Carrier (OSC) is the third generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  OSC will carry, deploy, recover, and facilitate spacecrafts operations in a planetary orbit within the Solar System.  It will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!​     

  5. Orbital Recycling Scout (ORS) is the fourth generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  ORS will hunt and catch** space debris large enough to be tracked in orbit above earth, for delivery to the Moon—to be used as raw material for permanent station—completing an Interplanetary Regenerative-Recycling and Transportation (IRRT) odyssey.  If left unchecked, space debris will likely end our current way of life in less than one generation.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!

    A manned-version of this platform will afford a business-opportunity for the
    International Space Station (ISS) to serve as a transfer-station for crew and supplies, to safely and reliably travel to and from the Moon—in an orbital rendezvous.  As is the case for ISS, commercialization of Outer Space and Celestial Bodies, to benefit mankind and in furtherance thereof; is not in any way an infringement of the Outer Space Treaty, the Moon Treaty, and/or similar doctrine.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!    

  6. Deep Space Power Station (DSPS) is the fifth generation of SMR-P™, which integrates space propulsion & space power to provide a unique and extraordinary capability that is insurmountable for any other SLS. This platform incorporates patented technology.  DSPS will provide electric power and heat for a permanent manned station on Mars, or other celestial bodies with solid surface and similar atmosphere.  It is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Upon arrival, it will self-deploy and begins power production within hours.  DSPS is a modular power station, which can be scaled up by additional power units, to accommodate electrification of the habitable borough.  Design characteristics include a nominal thermal power of 1,000 megawatts, which would produce about 400 megawatts of electrical power, and 600 megawatts of regenerative heat.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request! 

  7. Deep Space Exploration Exceptionalism—the high specific-impulse deep-space Relativistic Propulsion Reactor (RPR™) SLS incorporates Ionized Propulsion Propellant (IPP), enabling multigenerational interstellar journeys—ETA less than five generations.  This platform will be equipped with artificial-gravity pods (shielded crew-quarters), commensurate with indoors recreational activities.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!   

    An unmanned-version of this platform, dubbed Event Horizon Probe (EHP), will be so modified to explore the galaxy in order to locate and study a discernible Event Horizon, and report findings.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!

  8. Deep Space Station (DSS) is the sixth generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  DSS is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  It is particularly suited for an interstellar weigh-station.  DSS is capable of supporting a crew with artificial-gravity, and will incorporate docking ports.  DSS is a modular space-station, which can be scaled up by additional units, as the mission evolves.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!