​​​​​​​​​​​​​  Nuclear Fuel Cycles 

  1. Nuclear Power Ecosystem Enabling Technologies—Fail-Safe and Symbiotic Fuel Cycles, Gen IV / V Reactors vs. Risk-Latent, Exploitational, and Inefficacious Fuel Cycle, Light Water Reactors (LWRs), based on fast and thermal neutron spectra—​

    his is a necessary step to unencumber the enormous, the unfinished, and the undeserving mounting liabilities (NWPA)  associated with LWRs Spent nuclear fuel.  

    ​Abusus non tollit usum
    —Misused-Fuel (a neologism) has 96% of its original energy, which can no longer be used in Conventional Reactors (LWRs), and must be discarded as
    high-level waste—or may be used in Gen IV / V Reactors—where, among other things, a redemption opportunity will be established to close the once-through nuclear fuel-cycle completely, and permanently.  {HME}

    Power our cities by Clean Up our Waste
    We technologize,
    the environment wins,  
    ​our clients prosper, and
    the consumers thrive!

    ​​Hence efficacious utilization of natural resources, including recovery of the whole gamut of usable green energy from nuclear waste stockpile, and enrichment-by-product (depleted uranium tails)—Extensibility, Fungibility, elimination of the need for Interim Storage Facilities, and/or a permanent
    Geological Repository; leading to substantial reduction of footprint and the associated costs, removal of public fretting.

  2. Back‑End services, including compact & scalable in situ hybridization of used-fuel recycling and stratification for closing the Fuel Cycle—leading to development of a Used‑Fuel Management Interoperability Program (UFMIP), as well as production of radioisotopes for medical applications.  This is the only diversion-proof methodology° that systematically prevents nuclear material from being diverted clandestinely.

    Cradle-to-Grave Design Strategy

    The rise of Lucid Gentrification: Our holistic-hybrid-based approach takes into account and integrates factors such as environment safety and health, economics, commerce, social,
    NPT Safeguards by-design-approach°, self-decommissioning by-design-approach, self-obviation of the need to transport high-level waste on public roads, and the associated costs and risks—as well as other factors, such as standardization, indigenization of supply chains, etc.—to propagating a paradigm that is quite unique as well as extraordinary, and the only one of its kind on this planet; where in a single location, green power is produced, the by-product is recycled to form renewed-fuel, which is then available for reuse, and the modality continues in perpetuity.  {HME}

    Needless to say, this approach will eliminate the associated costs, and the by-products, for future Front-end activities, such as mining, milling, conversion, and enrichment.

  3. Multigenerational, Fail-Safe, and free  Nuclear-Altilium (a neologism) ≡ in situ, used-fuel utilization following such a time that low-hanging sources-of-energy are exhausted.  This option would position the U.S. in absolute dominance globally since: (1) It is the only nation that possesses an appreciable amount of used-fuel, (2) Its current in situ used-fuel locations are geographically spread out, which would make electrical power transmissions interstate-ably (a neologism) viable, (3) Gen IV/V Reactors technology is the only system that could address the used-fuel issues completely and permanently, and (4) The funding for this project has already been amassed (i.e., the Nuclear Waste Fund (NWPA) is an interest-bearing account—see below). 

    Above all else, No government funding, or taxpayer-expense is needed.  The Nuclear Waste Fund (
    NWPA), a 'fee' that was collected from customers in relation to nuclear-generated electricity, over $44 billion [2021-est.], is available and should suffice to cover all existing used-fuel.

    To anneal and redress the continuing nuclear energy’s state of dilapidation, it should be afforded its own independent commission, by a Congressional enabling-act mandate.  Laws of physics won’t change after elections.  Institutionalization of Lessons Learned (ILL)—Recognize the paramountcy to place ‘NUCLEAR ENERGY’ under one responsible organization, but without creating an albatross. 

    Preservation of anthropogenic environmental degradation
    The duality of natural resources, that is;  energy-extracted (e.g., electrical power) vs. by-products (e.g., used-fuel), must be weighed against the associated components; that is, benefit-to-mankind vs. environmental-degradation.  Burying past missed-opportunities in geological repositories is in deference & contrary to geoscience fiduciary stewardship, and should be globally outlawed.  The Stone Age didn’t end because we ran out of stones.  It ended because of ingenuity of concerned citizens. 

  4. Innovative Reactors & Fuel Cycles, such as a symbiotic LWR-Gen IV / V Reactors cycle. This option is particularly suited for Gen I, Gen II, &  Gen-iii Reactors that are contraindicated because they cannot cover the production costs of electricity, and requires a government rescue in order to carry on—that is to say, this option will prevent utility ratepayers, and/or taxpayer from getting stuck in a bad investment twice, saving billions of dollars in decommissioning costs (as it’s mostly covered by NWPA), as well as saving the Reactor from early termination. 

  5. Advanced Fuel Cycle development, and TRL assessment for Systems in Evaluation Phase to Developmental & Demonstration Phases—leading to identification of knowledge gaps, research needs, major challenges to development, & commercialization. 

  6. Consequence Analyses and Source Term Reduction.

  7. Gen IV / V Nuclear Energy Systems Sustainability & Global Transition from LWRs

    CausationLWRs (e.g., Gen I) were intended for Marine Applications, such as Submarines  and Merchant ships, where the surrounding seawater / sea could mitigate the consequences of DBAs  / BDBAs [i.e., an inherent sea-based safety—e.g., flood the vessel's Reactor (by gravity means) with seawater in a LOCAwhich is unavailable for land-based power Reactors

    There are risks and unknowns.  If (e.g.) one were to place the required coolant on the top of the Reactor itself—Given that the Reactor is required to be
    Seismically & Aircraft Impact protected (inter alia), then; the risks and the associated impacts would become asymmetric, astatic, and incongruous (unknown unknowns); leading to diminution of Safety Margin; untenable risks—hence licensing-uncertainty,  leading to impetuous design-certification, and the subsequent litigiousness—thereby vacating the validity of a combined license based on the plant being built as designed.   

    Consequently, the capital costs of the Reactor  will increase exponentially.  And, there is no escaping the fact that such a Reactor will be the most expensive means by which to generate electricity]. 

    At issue: what due-diligence could be afforded to such a concept?  It is therefore imperative that utilization of nuclear energy be left to Nuclear Engineers who can ingenerare 
    Fail-Safe products with unmatched economic competitiveness—or risk undermining your credibility, professional ethics and integrity!   

    Transition will result in substantially lower capital and operating costs, enhancing safety, security, and 
    NPT Safeguards, improving  utilization of natural resources—including but not limited to ample and cost de minimis production of vital radioisotopes for deep space missions, a Closed Fuel Cycle capability, as well as elimination of Used‑Fuel Geological Repository  and the associated Socioeconomic and Sociopolitical Entanglements (laid dormant for hundreds of thousands of years, and the possibility of mishaps or NPT violations)—Hence reversing the current nuclear energy paralysis, and transcending anthropogenic phenomenological barriers to addressing global environmental degradation.  {HME}

    Merchant ships
    produce a significant percentage of the global anthropogenic GHG—they should be made, or retrofitted to go green with practical, mainly autonomous, & Fail-Safe  nuclear propulsion technologies presented herein.  

    When GHG or other pollutants encroach and trample on territorial borders, then they would also become sovereignty issues.

    Transitional Analysis—the relationship between sustainable development, green growth, market performance, and green technological stimulus—
    Gen IV / V Reactors, the largest source of nonintermittent green energy, endowed with Nuclear Technology Systematization Enterprise (NTSE), would produce fundamentally new kinds of economies—comparable to the Industrial, and Information Technology Revolutions; combined—{i.e., inter alia, due to the fact that ENERGY-use is not an Asymptotical function}, leading to [hyper] accelerated green economy through market development, spinoffs (both terrestrially & extraterrestrially), incentivization of environmental stewardship [e.g., see (FF) below], and realization of the environmental cost of anthropogenic GHGThus, creating millions of jobs, and contributing trillions of dollars to the then thriving-economy, thereby easily shed the National Debt in less than one generation—here is where we realize our dividendsnationwide shared-prosperity, elimination of despondency, and beatification of egalitarianism—a ​debt-free nation engaged in social development; while leading the global environmental-emancipation—we will once again be fighting for our freedom.  Not from tyranny, oppression, or persecution (1776); but from annihilation!  We have the right to live, to exist!  {HME}

  8. Nuclear Thermal Desalination Reactor (NTDR) fueled by depleted uranium tails (i.e., a national energy resource).  NTDR will provide heat for desalination process.  The customer may procure free-fuel (FF), which in turn would pay for the capital investment (upfront and operating costs); over the life of the facility (i.e., you could get paid to go nuclear).  NTDR is a modular ecosystem, and can be scaled up as the need increases.  Inquiries related to NTDR may be sent to:

A Passion for Nonintermittent Green Energy©

The Most Unambiguous Global Environmental Liberator

Center for Smart Resilient Gen V Power Reactors (iReactors™)​ & Deep Space Relativistic Propulsion SLS (VIPP-H/S  Meta-celeritas)

Exploring the Imperative of Metamorphosization of America’s
​Electricity Generation, Space Exploration, Environmental Stewardship, & more...

Maintaining U.S. Leadership

Gen-4 Rx is not a Technology we Leave to Others

Stretching the Limits of Possible

​​The Physics of Innovation

To Cost Effectively Solve the World's Most Pressing Problem While Protecting People, Assets, and the Environment**

Fiduciary Stewardship Conglomerate

**Primum Non Nocere

Demystification of Co-Existential Energy
Green Power, a paragon of virtue, is a subset of Green Energy that represents those energy resources and technologies that are hegemonically steady, inherently reliable, risk-free, and provide the highest environmental and commercial benefits; with no anthropogenic  GHG 


(This Website is best used with a multi-monitor computer & is intended for SMEs)

Risk Management

Nuclear Spacecrafts:

  1. Safety Analysis.
  2. Safety Evaluation

​Conventional Reactors:

  1. Risk Assessment and Mitigation.
  2. Severe Accident Analyses and Management.
  3. PRA Evaluation for all 3 Levels of Risk.    
  4. Systems Analyses.
  5. Safety Analysis.
  6. Safety Evaluation.

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  ​​​​​​​ Gen IV / V Reactors & Advanced SMRs

  1.  Advanced Fail-Safe Reactors Design and Development—Transformational Technologies that eliminate Conventional Reactors' ​latent risks, inherent-hazards, and high costs

    Conventional Reactors are light water-cooled reactors (LWRs), which are referenced by their generations such as Gen I, Gen II, & Gen III.   LWRs produce Spent nuclear fuel; as such they are not a green energy source.   

    ​LWRs are often insidious and have a variety of inherent-hazards
    ª, which commonly referred to as Design-basis accidentsª (DBAs), and Beyond design-basis accidents (BDBAs), by a regulatory vista.  Purportedly, design-basis accidents or events serve as standard for evaluating the acceptability of reactor designs.

    ​The disciples of applied lessons learned—one of the exclusive advantage of Gen IV / V Reactors is that they are immune to water-cooled reactors inherent-hazards, such as hydrogen-explosions that caused Chernobyl  tragedy, and Fukushima (2, 3) disaster. That is, Institutionalization of Lessons Learned (ILL).  

    A catastrophic failure is a failure of the technology

    Hence removing public fear and the associated psychological landmarks, as well as assuring high level political and public confidence—fulfilling the
    Promise and its true potential (Energy Autonomy).  

    Other advantages of Gen IV / V Reactors include

    Firstly, about half of the capital costs of a typical 
    Gen-3 Reactor (i.e., a 40-year-old Technological Obsolescent and Exploitational Fuel Cycle  TECHNOLOGY; and a potential for Radioactive Catastrophe) are due to systems that are required to mitigate the consequences of DBAs.  Here is where they ask and receive handouts, set-asides, and tax credits—the causality of an uneven playing field.

    Secondly, the cost of maintenance of those systems during the life of the Reactor, as well as 
    EPZ, SNF, D&D, and licensing requirements further compound the escapable expenses—over a Project Life-Cycle of a hundred years. Here is where they ask and receive subsidies/bailouts—leading to abdication of leadership on promoting advanced technologies.  NB: The ironical effects of subsidies for plants with a 100-year lifespan are incalculable, unquantifiable, intergenerationally traumatic, and ultimately self-defeating.

    Paradoxically, designing and building the systems that are required to mitigate the consequences of
    DBAs—under the Defense-in-Depth regime; is the most profitable part of constructing Light Water Reactors.  Furthermore, maintenance of those systems during the life of the Reactor is the most expensive component of the operating-costs.  And both require more regulatory oversight of the licensee, and thereby more expense—a blasé attitude about overall-cost. Hence, the anti-synergistic (a neologism) effects associated with the costs of designing, building, licensing, operating, and decommissioning of a typical Gen-3 Reactor is exponentially higher than any other generating options.  As such, it is highly prudent that altruistically inclined companies with defensible state-of-the-art technologies are entrusted with electricity generation.  Commoditization of life’s ‘existential-means’ is contrary to the doctrine of “…in Order to form a more perfect Union…”—Rationalization vs. Reasoning!

    Inevitably, the safety of a Reactor is a binary state.  It is either
    Fail-safe, or is not safe.  Contextualistically, the word ‘safer’ is a euphemism for shambolic, which has indiscernible benefits for the public—leading to diminution of societal confidence in regulatory oversight—one of the root causes of nuclear energy paralysis.  

    Challenging conventional thinking and removing the barriers for innovation.  'ADVANCED' constitutes "having moved forward in time or space."  In order to move forward in time, we need to resolve the unfinished and the undeserving mounting liabilities of the past—reactor technology and fuel cycle technology are inherently and irrevocably linked and entangled.  Consequently, to be characterized and called ADVANCED; new Reactors must be designed to conform to Nuclear Intelligent Technology (NIT), which necessitates that all new Reactors be [1] 
    Fail-safe, and [2] fueled by the WASTE, which is left behind by the previous generation of Reactors as follows.   

    The unique and quintessential advantage of 
    Gen IV / V Reactors lies in their abilities to prevent accidents in the first place—instead of dealing with their consequences. Safety is inherent in amalgamation of generative design & materials, (a.k.a. General Design Criteria), and not dependent on mitigating-systems, or crediting operator actions. [id est] Gen IV / V Reactors are not just safer—rather they are Fail-Safe—moving beyond Defense-in-Depth; and assuring fundamental resiliency.  {HME}

    The result is a fundamental cost-paradigm shift and economic superiority of 
    Gen IV / V Reactors [with no subsidies, no tax credits, no set-asides, no bailouts, no handouts (the notion that the next generations of reactors need handouts is fallacious and not supported by shared-facts)—and no need for compulsory or draconian measures (e.g., imposition of a carbon tax)—no minoritization of free-competition—no unfair advantage—a level technological playing field for generating electricity.  All taxpayer-funded grants should be merit-based and awarded based on Unfettered & Free-competition, to innovative and defensible state-of-the-art technologies; without political entanglements].

    That contrasts the long-established concept of  conventional Reactors' Design and their Progeny—that are also being utilized by some developing-countries.  
    In light of the
    Fail-Safe technologies presented herein, it is counterintuitive, counterproductive, regressive, and devolutionary to invest our precious national resources (esp., taxpayer-funded grants) on any technology that may [merely] be 'safer' than the current Reactors—to say nothing that; such a technology simply places us on par with developing-countries, and cannot position the U.S. for dominance in any century, much less the 21st Century.  The pressing question is then; would you rather face googol of dollars in cleanup costs, or go Fail-Safe?

    We choose to go 
    Fail-Safe, not because it is easy, but because it is the right-thing** to do!

    Elimination of 
    DBAs prevent collateral damage and social upheaval—and is an economic imperative—it should be a regulatory requirement—Because Risk reduction [aimed at reducing Exposure] is required in order to: (a) Conform to ALARA Principles, and (b) Reduce licensing-uncertainty and the associated project
    Cost-Overruns, leading to plant cancellation. 

    Nuclear Engineering Exceptionalism—to eliminate mishaps, or uncertainty, inter alia, utilization of nuclear energy is best left to Nuclear Engineers who can  ingenerare
    Fail-Safe products, or risk undermining your credibility, professional ethics, and integrity!  Above all, the pressing question that must be raised is whether we can afford to continue to have indelible days such as March 11, 2011, & April 26,1986dates that will live in infamy

    What Gen IV / V Reactors represent is emblematic of a miracle in ENERGY Technology ascendancy, which is a world-changer.  For example, while exponentially reducing the capital costs and operating expenses of generating electricity in a Fail-Safe and reliable manner, Gen IV / V Reactors (a nonintermittent-Renewable Symbiotic Fuel Cycle—that can achieve geometrically greater fuel economy than the conventional Reactors) are the greenest; and the most cost-effective means to generate electricity from nuclear or any other energy sources available to consumers—Nuclear Energy is a national asset, and not a local phenomenology.

    Simpler with less footprint, also and at-the-same-time, substantially reducing environmental impact by, inter alia, solving the impasse and dilemma associated with 
    Gen I, Gen II, and Gen-iii  used-fuel—thus alleviating the escapable, and enormous mounting liabilities (e.g., NWPA) facing U.S. Taxpayer—

    Improving safety and security, including
    NPT safeguards, enhancing public health benefits, improving utilization of natural resources, increasing transparency, providing long-term certainty for green energy economy; where energy is not the limiting resource and each person is independent and civicminded, and diminution of declining democratic capabilities, as well as vitally important harmonization, homogenization, twenty-first-century-zation (a neologism), and contemporisation of licensing requirements; in order to prevent, inter alia, significant design changes after issuance of a Design-Certification, coupled with inefficient project management.    

    Applied-lessons-learned­—regulatory design-evaluations cannot completely identify all systems’ weaknesses.  In light of the
    Price-Anderson Act, compartmentalization of mitigating regulations within institutional development of the next generation of reactors is extraordinarily advantageous. Especially, designers’ aggregative knowledge of the systems’ potential weaknesses, which may necessitate a need for mitigation, is of paramountcy (see ILL).  Technological-oversight is the essence of viability.

    Above all, 
    Risk associated with next generations of reactors is based on elimination of DBAs in the first place.  Hence, conventional Reactors’ Design-Certification is anachronistic and deemed unbeneficial to assuring public safety & health, and/or to protect the environment.  What is at Risk?  Initiating events are hazards with unquantifiable frequencies and consequences associated with application of the 20th Century regulations, in licensing the 21st Century╩ technologies.

    Gen IV / V Reactors' licensing will be achieved through the associated Safety Analysis Report^, and an accompanying Safety Evaluation Report, which will reveal and delineate the full accuracy of the analyses**Safety features include but not limited to digitization and integration of the Safety Basis’ ENGRAMS impressed upon and across the frameworks of the Artificial Intelligence Governance (AIG).  Related inquiries may be sent to: lucid.regulations@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com 

    Here, we have an opportunity to embrace virtual certainty.  The alternative is the cul-de-sac of eddies and currents.   

    It is unclear whether the National Advisory Boards are in doldrums, or not fully Cognizant of the Prowess of Applied Nucleardynamics (a neologism) Morphology reflected in the Advanced & Revolutionary Technologies presented herein—an apparent lack of circumspection.  In the absence of copious and ubiquitous Helium-3, Gen IV / V Reactors epitomizes the only viable nonintermittent source of green energy on this planet.  The question remains, why should we continue to spend our precious national resources on a red herring?—over half a century of diminishing returns!—theoreticians vs. those who make dreams into reality—Engineers!   

    Gen IV / V Reactors are the only viable means to: (1) surviving the vicissitudes of the marketplace, (2) reviving the nuclear energy stasis, and (3) positioning the U.S. for dominance in the 21st Century.

    Finally, Is Gen IV / V Reactors the Right Technology for you?  Not Necessarily!  We Take Ownership of Safety** of our products. Our Fiduciary Safety-Culture Responsibility Predominates Regulatory Requirements—it is Immutable, and will not be Abdicated by any means including political whims.  Utilization of Nuclear Energy is Not an Entitlement, rather it is a Privilege, and must quantifiably conform to the Principle of Nonmaleficence.  If all you intend to do is McDonaldization of Ritz-Carlton, then Gen IV / V Reactors Technology will not be available to you.  If you are accustomed to cutting corners or otherwise shortchanging your endeavors, then Gen IV / V Reactors is Not the Right Technology for you; and will not be offered.  In those events, we recommend you use a technology indigenous to the Telegraph-era.  

    ​If you can’t find your way through the myopic spectacles, Gen IV Nuclear Energy Systems Services may be able to help.  Inquiries may be sent to:

  2. Resolving Technological & Regulatory Gaps; Leading to Technology Readiness.

  3. Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Assessment for Systems in Evaluation Phase to Developmental & Demonstration Phases—leading to identification of knowledge gaps, research needs, and major challenges to development and commercialization. 

  4. Advanced Concept Exploratory Analysis to Eliminate Technical Barriers, as well as Quantification of Durability and Resiliency to Ensure Viability from the Outset—Leading to Production of a Working Prototype.

  5. Technology Maturation and Design Evolutions of incipient programs.

  6. Engineering & Analytical Support for First-Of-A-Kind Reactor Designs.

  7. Licensability Evaluation—Advanced Reactors.

  8. Transient & Accident Analysis for Novel Reactors.

  9. Design Verification & Safety Assessment, Including Probabilistic Risk Assessment Together with Deterministic Safety Analysis.

  10. Safety Analyses (Design Validation w/o Testing)

  11. Regulatory Crosswalk to 10 CFR Part 52 & General Design Criteria^ for Advanced Reactors (non-LWR Designs).

  12. Safety Evaluation.

  13. Advisory and Assistance Services; including complimentary technological-oversight to support nascent developers who meet the company’s strategic goals. 

  14. Owner's Representation such as MDEP.  

  15. Corporate Bench-Strength Assessment.  

​​Transition to Domestic Nonintermittent Green Energy Resources is Necessitated in order to Produce Affordable Base-load Power and Ensure Energy Security 

​​​​​Nuclear Energy

Innovation Capabilities

Moving U.S. Nuclear Energy Forward

Technology Provider

​​U.S. Patented

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Spacecraft

​​How to produce Green Power & Green Propulsion —Terrestrially and/or Extraterrestrially 


​​Going Green by Reinvention of Nuclear Energy, and thereby Shedding the National Debt in less than one generationa History-Making Event {HME}

Advancing Excellence in Fail-safe Nuclear Intelligent Technology (NIT)  

​​An Innovative, Exponential Thinking & Altruistic Company

Offering Visionary Leadership & Delivering

Commercially Viable & Licensable, High Quality & Cutting-Edge,

Defensible State-of-the-Art Technologies,

On-Time & On-Budget,

According to Specifications & Expectations

While Reconciling the Agendas of a Wide Range of Stakeholders

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​In-Space Propulsion & Space Power

  1. Space Exploration—U.S. Patented Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) Spacecraft.  The Space Modular Reactor for Propulsion (SMR-P™) spacecraft is an advanced and revolutionary Space Launch System (SLS).  It is designed for expeditious and effortless dynamic self-assembly—in an orbital rendezvous—in low earth orbit (LEO).  Design-basis inherent reliability stature is due to its patented simplified modular architecture. The patented design  (a.k.a. General Design Criteria) would render and facilitate each modular component to be independently tested and replaced when necessary, without disturbing other already tested modules—saving [countless] time and efforts.  This technology is consistent with applicable U.S. Treaties (e.g., NPT, Artemis Accords, and as further exemplified below).  

    It is over 100% faster and 400% more load capacity than a best chemical rocket, which could only coast to its destination.  Whereas, our nuclear thermal propulsion spacecraft’s orbital and deep-space maneuverabilities include both acceleration & deceleration on command. ​

    Fuel Consumption Analogy—profoundly, some 85% of the weight of a chemical-rocket is fuel.  Whereas, the weight of the fuel, for our Nuclear Thermal Propulsion spacecraft, is quite de minimis, and it's free [i.e., the fuel is a national energy resource (Atomic Energy Act of 1954)—and has been utilized in naval vessels since 1954 with no nonproliferation issues.  Besides, its usage for space exploration, as opposed to deterrence, would enhance our compliance with
    NPT—beyond that, the performance of a space-propulsion system is inversely proportional to its weight.  If a nuclear fuel that contains an inherent 80% deadweight were to be used, then the performance of the space-propulsion system would exponentially degrade—and that defeats the use of nuclear energy for space travel (see the patented General Design Criteria for details). Utilization of nuclear energy is not an ad hoc reactive vista; rather it is an institutional development—and cannot be entrusted to contractors (see Nuclear Engineering Exceptionalism).  For other examples, see (FF) below.  For geopolitical use of nuclear energy, see Nuclear Engineering Exceptionalism].  

    Fuel Preparedness:

    Our environmentally-minded clients could opt-in to have their vehicles fully fueled as a part of the initial contract. The fuel preparedness will take place vis-à-vis laser excitation techniques, by a modified Space Mining System (described below)—to be staged in a geostationary orbit—over deep-oceans. Separation of the two main isotopes of the natural uranium will provide two different types of fuels for two different applications (e.g., see The Martian habitability-platform described below) without residual waste—hence no environmental impacts of any kind.  The separation power-requirements will be met by the available natural means. This modified Space Mining System is a modular fuel-preparedness platform, which can be scaled up by additional units, on an as needed basis. This platform incorporates patented technology. Inquiries related to this space-based nuclear fuel preparedness system may be sent to:

    ​Fuel Mining & Storage:

    An evolutionary adaptation of the Space Mining System will mine Helium-3 from the moon—and following processing, encapsulation, etc., the fusion fuel {see Deep Space Exploration Exceptionalism described below} will be transferred to the nuclear-fuel depot­—when it is fully developed­—in cislunar space—where both fusion fuel and fission fuel (described above) will be stored and managed—for journeys in deep space.  The nuclear-fuel depot may be augmented with the Satellitary Kilopower System (described below) for additional electrical-power. Whereas the Deep Space Station (described below) will provide accommodations for personnel as may be required.  And a modified Orbital Protectorate System (described below) will ensure orbital-security. This platform incorporates patented technology. Inquiries related to this cislunar-space-based nuclear-fuel depot may be sent to:


    ​Accident Analyses

    possible accident that could pose significant risks, and No Fallout—hence transforming & revolutionizing deep space missions as never 

    No Part of this SLS, or its propulsion system burns up in atmosphere, and/or is left behind—[id est] the only viable & patented green-rocketry (non-polluting technology)—no earthbound waste of any kind, which results in a fundamental cost & environmental paradigm-shift, and performance supremacy—we technologize, the environment wins, and our clients prosper.  

    ​Inquiries about the U.S. Patented Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) Spacecraft may be sent to: 

    Long-distance manned space voyage is not really available to us, if all we are going to have; are chemical rockets.  Needless to say that pushing things into space [with chemical energy] is controlled explosions, which is a treacherous affair in-and-of-itself.  Travel far enough—fast enough!  To get to deep space easier and more affordably; this SLS is reusable, and has sufficient fuel onboard for many round-trip missions.  This platform is particularly economical for delivery, and can function as the workhorse for transportation of strategic resources from nearby celestial bodies (e.g., the 
    Moon).  {HME}

    ​Space Equipment Shuttle (SES) is a variant of this platform.  It is a utilitarian vehicle, which is designed to perform, and/or facilitate a whole gamut of tasks and services including but not limited to the followings: (i) Transportation of nuclear fuels to and from the Nuclear-Fuel-Depot. (ii) Tug the Auxiliary Solar Arrays (ASA) to cislunar space adjacent to the Nuclear-Fuel-Depot—as well as its pre-subassembly, subassembly, general assembly, and final tethering and linking it to the Booster Module [H] described below (see The Epoch-Making Spacecraft for details).  ASA is a 10-kilometer long solar array modular system. Inquiries related to the Space Equipment Shuttle may be sent to:

    Another variant of this platform, dubbed Dark Atomic Research Project Apparatus (DARPA), will be so modified to study the potentials of dark matter and dark energy in the cislunar space ambient temperature and pressure.  DARPA is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Due to gravimetric sensitivity of the shielded experiments (with respect to fabric of space), DARPA may declare a no-fly zone within one nano-parsec (0.1 light-seconds) of its surroundings, during each shielded-experiment run.  Research algorithm, participation, deterrence-means, and related inquiries may be sent to:  DARPA@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com

    Moon Institute of Technology (MIT) is an evolutionary adaptation of the Deep Space Station described below.  It is designed to orbit the moon in order to ensuring final readiness, including classroom and simulator technical trainings, as well as physical fitness, onboard @ the institute; for our clients who wish to explore the moon via our AI-driven—nuclear-powered moon-explorer—before they are transported down to the surface of the moon and begin their journeys.  The moon-explorer is powered by a modified Satellitary Kilopower System for Propulsion (described below).  It could produce power for 21 earth-days of operations. MIT will get to its destination (lunar orbit) under its own propulsion from LEO, and incorporates patented technology.  Inquiries regarding enrollment eligibility requirements may be sent to:
    Moon-Institute-of-Technology@GenIVNuclearEnergy Systems.com

  2. Unmatched & Leading-Edge Technology—the second generation of SMR-P™ that incorporates patented technology, is high specific-impulse deep-space Relativistic Propulsion Reactor (RPR™) spacecraft.  This SLS offers performance ratings of orders of magnitude greater than the first generation.  And, still No possible accident that could pose significant risks, and No Fallout.

    Performance Parameters (all approx.):
    Specific Impulse 5,500 (seconds), Effective Exhaust Velocity 54 (kilometers per second) (0.02% c),Time to Safely and Reliably Travel to Mars 12 (earth days)—with a proprietary combinatorial biological and electromagnetic self-shielding for near zero ionizing radiation inleakage; to secure and shelter-in-place crew members.  Other aspectual of the system-wide shielding includes an encomium multifrontal actinomorphic impact-deflector, inter alia, which assures deep-space-environmental-hazard protection for the spacecraft, even @ relativistic-magnitude speeds—with in-flight payload drop off  throughout the journey—and No need for Gravitational Assist, since nuclear propulsion is man up to the task—a quantum leap forward in reinventing Spaceflight—Perpetual Gravitational-EmancipationIf we have to get there—this platform is particularly advantageous in order to get there first, in trench, to stake & protect our claims; months before others do! 

    Besides, reducing the one-way flight time of at least
    208 Days (by a chemical rocket); to 12 days; would [1] exponentially reduce the costs, and [2] virtually eliminate crew hazards.

    Hence the question that has to be raised is whether we want to continue to use
    Chemical Energy (a hangover from the last century) with handouts (i.e., gravitational assist), and take at least 208 Days to get to Mars without the possibility of return, or whether we want to be King of the Hill, the preeminent spacefaring nation, and leave the Stone Age behind?  Above all, the pressing issue is whether we can afford to have another crisis like October 4, 1957.  Despite that, launching projectiles to reach nearby celestial bodies [on par with some developing countries] is rather space-transportation.  Relativistically speaking, space-exploration will begin with RPR™.   {HME}

    ​A variant of this platform, dubbed Space Orbital Services (SOS), will be so modified to facilitate repair and/or replacement services for various platforms/devices in orbit of planets (e.g.,
    Mars), natural satellites (e.g., the Moon), and a platform that is stationed far from earth orbit (e.g., James Webb Space Telescope), or to assist a spacecraft that may be in distress; anywhere within the Solar System.  Inquiries related to this space-based and expeditious orbital repair/replacement/rescue services (R3S™) may be sent to: SOS@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com

  3. Asteroid Interceptor & Deflector (AID™) is a planetary defense vehicle that uses the RPR™ system to intercept and neutralize oncoming asteroids, anywhere within the Solar System.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  This platform will be equipped with iMan (which makes AID a fully autonomous deep space vehicle).  It will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  

    AID™ is the only feasible and realistic scheme designed to prevent or mitigate
    Extinction-Level events by application of Impulse-Transfer** (i.e., tugboat analogy), and No possible accident that could pose significant risks; in-and-of-itself, & No Fallout.  So the question arises, why do we continue to invest our precious national resources on theoretical ideas; as opposed to practical solutions described herein? 

    Crashing space-vehicle into a space-rock, for redirection, is the most egregious governance failure of the 21st Century, and, more likely, caused by ad hoc reactive decision-making that compromises policy objective.  

    In an unlikely event that AID is deemed not fully beneficial for a given situation, the Satellitary Kilopower System (SKS) described below, will be so modified to function as a thematically metaphoric outboard and attachable propulsion system, dubbed Satellitary Kilopower System for Propulsion (SKS-P). 

    For extremely massive asteroids, the combinatorial propulsion system described below may be used.  For much larger celestial bodies, the combinatorial propulsion system may additionally be augmented with the propulsion booster modules [H] and {S} described below (see The Epoch-Making Spacecraft for details).  

    ​SKS-P will be available in LEO, where it will be tugged by AID to its destination.  Upon arrival, SKS-P will self-deploy, and begins operation under command of AID to complete the mission.  ​​​

    The management of deep-space in the 21st Century is too important, and far more complex, to be an ad hoc adaptation; tucked in a 20th Century organization. 

    To anneal and redress, national deep-space management should be afforded its own independent commission, by a Congressional enabling-act mandate—

    ​or defund the program as opposed to allowing it to continue to wither away our precious national resources into oblivion­.


     you can’t afford your asteroid-neutralizer, Gen IV Nuclear Energy Systems Services may be able to help!  Inquiries may be sent to: 

    Earth Management System (EMS) is an evolutionary adaptation of the Asteroid Interceptor & Deflector Vehicle that will be staged in a geostationary orbit. It functions as planetary-wide clearinghouse to manage various activities associated with planetary defense, and on an as needed basis, in conjunction with the Post-Apocalyptic Vehicles, and the Planetary Protectorate Equipment (described below).  This platform incorporates patented technology.  Participation, membership requirements, and related inquiries may be sent to:

    A variant of this platform, dubbed Space Mining System (SMS), will be so modified to facilitate mining operations for non-ubiquitous strategic resources, such as high massic energy materials on asteroids within the 
    Solar System.  SMS is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  SMS is a modular space mining system, which can be scaled up by additional units, as the mission evolves. Inquiries related to this space-based mining system may be sent to: SMS@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com 

  4. Orbital Spacecraft Carrier (OSC) is the third generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  OSC will carry, deploy, recover, and facilitate spacecrafts operations, in a planetary orbit, within the Solar System.  It is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Inquiries related to this space-based spacecraft carrier may be sent to:  spacecraft.carriers@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com

  5. Orbital Recycling Scout (ORS) is the fourth generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  ORS will hunt and catch** space debris large enough to be tracked in orbit above earth, for delivery to the Moon—to be used as raw material for a permanent station; completing an Interplanetary Regenerative-Recycling and Transportation (IRRT) odyssey.  

    ​If left unchecked, space debris will likely end our current way of life in less than one generation.  Inquiries related to this space-based orbital recycling system may be sent to: 

    A variant of this platform, dubbed Magnus Frater, will be retrofitted to provide the
    International Space Station (ISS) with the necessary reboost to maintain its speed and altitude, for among other things.  Inquiries related to this orbital rescue services may be sent to:

    ​A manned-version of this platform will afford a business-opportunity for
    ISS to serve as a transfer-station for crew and supplies, to safely and reliably travel to and from the Moon—in an orbital rendezvous.  Evaluation of customer needs or requirements upon request!  As is the case for ISS, commercialization of Outer Space and Celestial Bodies, to benefit mankind and in furtherance thereof; is not in any way an infringement of the Outer Space Treaty, the Moon Treaty, and/or similar doctrine.    

    ​Another variant of this platform, dubbed Orbital Protectorate System (OPS), will be so modified to neutralize an orbital device that poses an imminent existential danger.  OPS can create and direct proprietary combinatorial collimated beams of charged and neutral subatomic particles; to a target located in orbit.  Inquiries related to this space-based orbital protectorate system may be sent to: 

    Another variant of this platform, dubbed Endoatmospheric Protectorate System (EPS), will be so modified to produce a steady-state and collimated beam of high-flux fast-neutrons.  EPS can neutralize a flying object within the Karman Line that poses an imminent existential danger.  Inquiries related to this space-based Endoatmospheric Protectorate System may be sent to:

  6. Planetary Protectorate Equipment (PPE) is an evolutionary adaptation of the propulsion Booster Module [H] described below (see The Epoch-Making Spacecraft for details).  PPE can provide an intense magnetically-focused and collimated beam of charged subatomic particles. This platform incorporates patented technology.  Inquiries related to this circumsolar-based Planetary Protectorate Equipment may be sent to:

    ​A variant of this platform, dubbed Āntiparticle Generator & Preserver System -GPS), will produce, and preserve; diminutive-quantity charged subatomic āntiparticles.  Inquiries related to this circumsolar-based Āntiparticle Generator & Preserver System may be sent to:

  7. Deep Space Power Station (DSPS) is the fifth generation of SMR-P™, which integrates space propulsion & space power to provide a unique and extraordinary capability that is insurmountable for any other SLS. This platform incorporates patented technology.  DSPS will provide electric power and heat for a permanent manned station on Mars, or other celestial bodies with solid surface and similar atmosphere.  It is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Upon arrival, it will self-deploy and begins power production within hours.  DSPS is a modular power station, which can be scaled up by additional power units, to accommodate electrification of the habitable borough.  Design characteristics include a nominal thermal power of 1,000 megawatts, which would produce about 400 megawatts of electrical power, and 600 megawatts of regenerative heat.  Inquiries regarding this compact, large-scale, independent, deep-space planetary-based electrical power system may be sent to:

    A variant of this platform, dubbed Universal Amphibious Vehicle (UAV), will be so modified to facilitate research and exploration activities on a celestial body with liquid surface.  UAV is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  Upon arrival and entering into orbit, a docked orbital module will be separated and remains in orbit, before the vehicle descends to the liquid surface.  The orbital module consists of a
    nuclear-powered communication satellite, which provides and assures effective communication with the mission-control on Earth.  Inquiries related to this space-based amphibious vehicle may be sent to: UAV@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com   

    Post-Apocalyptic Vehicle (PAV) is an evolutionary adaptation of the Universal Amphibious Vehicle (UAV).  PAVs will be staged in a geostationary orbit.  Following an onset of a nuclear winter, and upon re-entry, PVAs will maintain law & order, for among other things.  Inquiries related to this space-based post-apocalyptic vehicle may be sent to:

    ​Another variant of this platform, dubbed Satellitary Kilopower System (SKS), will be so modified to provide electric power and regenerative heat, for a celestial body devoid of atmosphere and solid surface (e.g., the 
    Moon).  SKS is equipped with an entirely different power generation nuclear reactor system, and will be available in LEO, where the customer may take possession thereof—or, it may be delivered to its destination via various platforms described herein.  SKS is a modular power station, which can be scaled up by additional power units as the need increases—or, it can be custom-made per request (subject to limitations).  This platform incorporates patented technology.  Inquiries regarding this compact, large-scale, independent, satellitary-based electrical power supply system may be sent to:
    Satellitary Kilopower System for Propulsion (SKS-P), described above, may be used for propelling a preselected asteroid for transportation of strategic resources in deep-space.  It is available in LEO, where the customer may take possession thereof—or, it may be tugged to the selected site by various platforms described herein.  

    For extremely massive asteroids, the combinatorial propulsion system described below may be used.

    ​Inquiries regarding this outboard and attachable propulsion system may be sent to:
    deep-space.outboard-propulsion@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com  ​  

  8. An element of metamorphosization of nuclear electricity generation cycle is utilization of the regenerative heat. 

    On planet earth, this energy is shamelessly dumped into the environment.

    ​On planet Mars, an evolutionary couple-zation (a neologism) of the Deep Space Power Station and the Nuclear Thermal Desalination Reactor (described hereunder), dubbed Martian habitability-platform, will produce drinking-water and breathable-air—where the regenerative heat associated with nuclear electricity generation cycle will heat up and thaw the permafrost in order to produce water, oxygen, and other resources, for among other things.  

    Conformably, the byproducts associated with the nuclear thermal desalination process will be combined with local regolith to form construction bricks by a modified Space Mining System (also described herein)—which will then be used to make structures to form the base of the habitable borough, as well as remediation of radiation exposure. 

    The Martian habitability-platform is a modular ecosystem, and can be scaled up as the need increases to support the habitable borough (a.k.a. the Martian Colony).  This platform incorporates patented technology.  Inquiries regarding to this compact, large-scale, independent, deep-space planetary-based habitability-platform, may be sent to:

  9. Deep Space Exploration Exceptionalism—​the high specific-impulse deep-space Relativistic Propulsion Reactor (RPR™) SLS incorporates Ionized Propulsion Propellant (IPP), enabling multigenerational interstellar journeys (VIPP =1.4% c)—ETA less than five generations.  This platform will be equipped with artificial-gravity pods (shielded crew-quarters), commensurate with indoors recreational activities.  This space-based combinatorial open-cycle fission-triggered-fusion propulsion system is a technological tour de force—and incorporates patented technology. 

    An evolutionary adaptation of the combinatorial propulsion system may be used to power submarines in deep-oceans.   

    Inquiries regarding this combinatorial propulsion system may be sent to:

    An unmanned-version of this platform, dubbed Event Horizon Probe (EHP), will be so modified to explore the galaxy in order to locate and study a discernible Event Horizon, and report findings. Inquiries related to this space-based Event Horizon Probe may be sent to: 

  10. Deep Space Station (DSS) is the sixth generation of SMR-P™.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  DSS is fully autonomous, and will get to its destination under its own propulsion from LEO.  It is particularly suited for an interstellar weigh-station.  DSS is capable of supporting a crew with artificial-gravity, and will incorporate docking ports.  DSS is a modular space-station, which can be scaled up by additional units, as the mission evolves.  Inquiries related to the Deep Space Station may be sent to: 

  11. The Epoch-Making Spacecraft—the high specific-impulse deep-space Relativistic Propulsion Reactor (RPR™) SLS, equipped with Ionized Propulsion Propellant­—ADDITIONALLY incorporates a REUSABLE Booster Module comprised of a contemporaneous hybridized propulsion component [H], composed of proprietary combinatorial Linear & Circular High-Energy Particle-Accelerator devices. The REUSABLE Booster Module would be jettisoned following an initial circumsolar orbital go-around.  The concatenation will further accelerate and propel the Ionized-Propulsion-Propellant-Particles—effectuating relativistic-magnitude particle-beam speeds (VIPP-H c).  The REUSABLE Booster Module would then be available in the circumsolar orbit for subsequent missions.  This platform incorporates patented technology.   ​

    Spacecraft deep-space orbital transfer protocols, operational details, travel time calculator (excluding time dilation), and related inquiries may be sent to: interstellar.travel@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.com   

    ​The addition of a second Booster Module, comprised of a Spallation propulsion component {S}, will augment spacecraft forward Thrust (V
    IPP-H/S  Meta-celeritas).  The second booster module could also produce reverse Thrust (deceleration); on command. 

    The addition of a modified version of the propulsion Booster Module [H], described above, see (ā-GPS), will induce greater spacecraft rapidity, which could, from its circumsolar vantage, traverse; and pass Mars within 15 (earth-time-periods known as minutes).  Alternatively, from its circumsolar vantage, the spacecraft could arrive at our nearest star system (Alpha Centauri) within 4.5 light-years and assume a decelerating-spiral-orbit—subject to unknown unknowns, e.g., possible interactions of dark energy and/or dark matter with the spacecraft, due to its momentum @ relativistic-magnitude speeds. Research associated with the Dark Atomic Research Project Apparatus, described above; may shed light on such a possibility.

    Other unknown unknowns’ possibilities may include causation of near zero entropy by the spacecraft due to its momentum @ Meta-celeritas—thereby—transpositioning the spacecraft to the instant following the initial singularity and erasement of Spatiotemporal.​

    Journey to Babel—the nearest known black hole is about 1.5 light-millennia from the earth. The research associated with the Event Horizon Probe described above, dubbed Hunt for Black October, expects to find more [and perhaps smaller] black holes within 10 light-years from earth—due in large part to the onboard state-of-the-art detections technologies and the associated Artificial Intelligence Governance (AIG), for among other things.  It is the most advanced detections platform ever invented by man. This platform incorporates patented technology.  Its outstanding features include but not limited to: (A) It does not get hampered by the atmosphere. (B) It is not in an orbit of a backward planet with limited power supply. (C) It travels @ relativistic-magnitudes speeds—with a field of four-dimensional and combinatorial aspherical & spherical views.  (D) Modus operandi—machine-learning AIG.  (E) When fully operational, the Event Horizon Probe will attempt applied quantum tunneling & quantum entanglement to receive telemetry from the spacecraft as it transcends (see below).  Consequently, it will be the only viable platform to support the subject journey.  

    To accomplish the subject journey, an evolutionary adaptation of the Epoch-Making Spacecraft has been conceived, which includes, inter alia, a revolutionary gravitational-dynamic-self-shielding, which prevents loss of the spacecraft’s material and/or information as it transcends into a black hole (a proprietary technology).  The speed of the spacecraft is expected to geometrically increase during descend (a proprietary technology).  As described above, the algorithm associated with the Event Horizon Probe is expected to estimate the final speed of the spacecraft and the size of the black hole.  Upon exiting the system, the spacecraft will generate a gravitational wave, which may be detected on earth—thereby providing the spacecraft’s position.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  Collaboration, cooperation, participation, algorithmization, and related inquiries may be sent to:  

    Deep-space-sliding (a neologism) is the mechanism and a system that could be used to slide the spacecraft through deep space. This mechanism is produced when the propulsion propellant­ is reaccelerated @ relativistic-magnitude momentum—in a circular-particle-accelerator, which is located at the edge of nacelle of the spacecraft’s propulsion engine at the bow of the spacecraft and is perpendicular to the spatial-intake—thereby—creating a Spatium-vortex (a proprietary technology)—and then expends it through the spacecraft’s nozzle, which will then enable the spacecraft’s speed to increase geometrically—and from its circumsolar vantage—arriving at our nearest star system (Alpha Centauri) within six (earth-time-periods known as months).

    Due to gravimetric sensitivity of fabric of space, the presence of natural gravitational forces may adversely affect the operations of the Spatium-vortex.  Also, there is likelihood that presence of dark matter and/or dark energy may impede the operations of Spatium-vortex as well. Research associated with the Dark Atomic Research Project Apparatus (described above) is intended to obtain empirical data on such modalities; and whether their utilization could be mastered in favor of the spacecraft. This platform incorporates patented technology.  Related inquiries may be sent to:  

    ​​Journey to Andromeda—an evolutionary couple-zation of the Epoch-Making Spacecraft—equipped with a modified Deep-space-sliding System—and the Event Horizon Probe will be used to travel and approach the boundary of our nearest galaxy, known as Andromeda. The purpose of the journey is to study and ascertain whether there is a barrier between the two galaxies, which may prevent or impede a man-made spacecraft to penetrate the Andromeda Galaxy from the Milky Way Galaxy.  Applied quantum tunneling & quantum entanglement will be used to send the findings back to earth for further assessment and mitigations for future planning.  This platform incorporates patented technology.  Participation and related inquiries may be sent to:  
    intergalactic.travel@GenIVNuclearEnergySystems.co​m   ​